A SET OF SCATTERED ISLANDS BETWEEN ASIA AND OCEANIA
A REMARKABLE DIVERSITY OF LANDSCAPES, MONUMENTS AND PEOPLE
BOOK THIS DESTINATION AND DISCOVER INDONESIA
Largest archipelago in the world, crossed by the equator, Indonesia has over 17,000 islands, making it belong to both Southeast Asia and Oceania. The main islands are Sumatra, along the Strait of Malacca and Malaysia and, further east, Borneo; on the south Java and Bali. Because of its geographical dispersion, Indonesia has either a relatively constant equatorial climate, or a tropical climate with alternating wet and dry seasons. Indonesia is on the meeting grounds of three tectonic plates, which explains its high volcanic activity. It has about 150 volcanoes and is part of the Pacific Ring of Fire. The mountainous regions of volcanic origin, are located especially on the west coast of Sumatra, West Java, Kalimantan, Sulawesi and Papua.
Indonesia’s landscape is very varied. Java and Bali are the most fertile islands and rice fields are concentrated in these two regions, while Sumatra, Kalimantan, Sulawesi, Maluku and Papua are still largely covered with tropical forests. Having once been connected to Asia, the main islands have a fauna similar to that of the continent, such as the tiger, rhinoceros, elephant or leopard, next to a more specific fauna which includes the presence of the orangutan. Indonesia has always been a focal point of trade between India and China; the decline of the continental Silk Road caused more developing trade with the Middle East and with it the development of Islam, which will become the majority religion of this country, the most populous in the world, supplanting Hinduism and Buddhism. The population is over 230 million people represented by more than 300 ethnic groups.